Nepal is a Kingdom of high Himalayan Mountains, artistic monuments exotic wild life and diverse culture. It is the land where Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago. Roughly rectangular in shape the kingdom of Nepal is situated between China to the north and India to the south. The land extends approximately 885 km. East to west, and 193 km north to south. Nepal is primarily an agricultural country. Tourism, Carpets and Garments are the major industries. The Land: The terrain rises from the terai, the southern plains covered with tropical jungles and fertile farmland at almost sea level, to the high Himalayan mountains in the north with the valleys and lush green hills in between within a distance of less then 200 km. Eight of the 10 highest peaks in the world lie in Nepal. The People: Nepal’s many ethnic groups are as varied as its land with their own languages and cultures. In the Kathmandu valley are Newars, whose artistry have earned them an international reputation.
The Sherpas of the Himalayas are known as tough mountain climbers. Brahmins and Chhettris are scattered over the hills and valleys, and Tamang are found in the districts around Kathmandu valley. The Rais, Limbus, Magars and Gurungs of the mid hills have earned as Gurkhas soldiers. Lowland ethnic group s such as the Maithali, Bhojpuri and Tharu enhance the colorful mosaic, the population of Nepal is about 23 million. The Climate: Nepal contains a variety of climatic conditions ranging from the tropical heat of the Terai plains to the freezing cold of the high Himalayas.
The mid hills, particularly the Kathmandu valley, are pleasant with warm summer and cool winter. Temperature range between a maximum of 37 and a minimum of 8 degree Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degree Celsius in Kathmandu valley, and between, 6 and 16 degree Celsius in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from June to August